Consequences of complication tachycardia
Much depends on the severity of the pathological condition, the duration of its flow. In acute cases, blood pressure may rapidly decrease, and as a consequence, ischemia of the brain, cardiac muscle arises. Sometimes fibrillation of the ventricles develops, in which unproductive cardiac activity is observed, which quickly leads to the death of the patient.
Progressive tachycardia may not be immediately complicated by severe conditions. In such cases, the outlook is more favorable and the patient may be provided with timely medical assistance. The only thing, it is important at the first symptoms not to delay with the call of the doctor.
A complicated state of development that can be complicated by pathologies of varying degrees of severity. Most often, acute ischemia of the brain occurs, which is expressed in loss of consciousness. Some patients later immerse themselves in the coma, with which it is extremely difficult to remove them. Heart failure may also develop, which is often accompanied by pulmonary edema. In the absence of the necessary treatment, the risk of death is high. Spiral tachycardia can be immediately complicated by stopping blood circulation. Then the defibrillator should be used as soon as possible. Otherwise, biological death occurs, which is expressed by irreversible changes in the body.
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uch depends on the nature of the attack, its duration and the presence of concomitant diseases. In a number of cases, the rapid development of atrial fibrillation leads to acute heart failure and pulmonary edema. If the rhythm disturbance is prolonged and when it has a heart rate of more than 130 beats / min, then the risk of developing tachy-induced cardiomyopathy is increased. A flickering tachycardia is considered a dangerous disease because of the most frequent development of vascular thromboembolism, most often the brain. As a result, this percentage of occurrence of strokes in the presenting rhythm disturbance is highest among cardiovascular diseases.
Fatal tachycardia can lead to death if the attack develops against the background of the Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome with a short refractory period. Such patients without first aid are doomed.
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It often develops against a background of various diseases, injuries, severe blood loss. If at this patient is in resuscitation and on the monitor attached to it the device has a sharp increase in the frequency of heart contractions, then talk about extreme tachycardia. When timely response of the medical staff does not lead to serious consequences.
Extreme tachycardia may be complicated by ventricular tachycardia or, at worst, immediate ventricular fibrillation. Similar is observed with concomitant organic heart disease, or if an organ has undergone an intervention.
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Physiological sinus tachycardia
For a healthy person, the development of physiological sinus tachycardia can not lead to any complication. It is worth noting that any tachycardia causes the heart muscle to contract more often, which, in time, increases the risk of its weakness. But with a physiologically accelerated heartbeat, the matter is different, since this compensatory mechanism is short. In a calm condition, he quickly passes and, often, does not bother to the next physical activity or emotional experience.
Physiological sinus tachycardia can develop at any age. Especially often it is experienced by athletes, pregnant, emotionally labile people. Often, the rapid heartbeat is not felt in any way, and it can be determined by a special check of the pulse.Therefore, in most cases, the occurrence of rhythm disturbance does not cause anxiety.
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The present state in some cases goes without a trace, and in others it promotes the development of more complex diseases. The tachycardia itself causes the heart to work beyond its capabilities. The presence of predisposing factors in the form of organic heart lesions, traumatic injuries, shock conditions helps to start the process of formation of more severe pathologies in the form of fibrillation, flickering, tremor of the atrium / ventricles.
Terminal tachycardia refers to transient cardiac disorders. Her education is often fixed by resuscitation equipment, which is able to capture the fastest changes in the heart’s work. Therefore, when rendering timely care, rhythm disturbance does not significantly affect hemodynamics,
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When a combination of different types of rhythm disturbance significantly affects the general well-being of the patient. Tachycardia in combination with extrasystole can provoke a panic attack on highly susceptible people. There is also an increased risk of developing organic pathology of the heart, especially in the development of the disease in the elderly or with negative heredity. Extrasystolic tachycardia may be associated with diseases not only of the heart, but also of other localization. Accordingly complications arise very different. Basically, a frequent and severe treatment of extrasystole in combination with tachycardia increases the risk of sudden cardiac arrest. One of the most dangerous consequences of developing rhythm disturbance is atrial fibrillation, which is also known as atrial fibrillation.
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Relates to atrioventricular reciprocal nodal tachycardia, which in most cases is defined as a congenital pathology. It occurs both in adults and in children, but is more often defined in young women. May be complicated by any cardiovascular disorder, especially if exposure to the provocative factor (stress, physical activity, and the presence of harmful habits) is observed.
The nodal tachycardia refers to the category of rhythm disturbances formed on the principle of circular circulation of electrical impulse. Such pathologies are often complicated by flickering, and in rare cases by fibrillation. Rapidly developing attacks can have other serious consequences – pronounced suffocation. If the heart palpitations are prolonged for a long time, then the risk of acute heart failure increases because of reduced ventricular contractility.
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Left ventricular tachycardia
Any processes affecting the work of the left ventricle present a considerable danger to the health and even the life of a person. Therefore, the development of left ventricular tachycardia can adversely affect hemodynamics and, accordingly, the general state of health of a person. Left ventricular tachycardia may be complicated by acute heart failure. The risk of developing such a pathology is particularly high in the elderly and in the presence of burdened heredity regarding cardiovascular disease. In severe cases, fibrillation of the ventricles develops, which requires immediate medical intervention.
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Violation of the rhythm appears in those patients who have been implanted pacemaker. Long-lasting seizures considerably worsen their well-being, do not allow them to do their usual work. Patients often need special medical care, as the normal functioning of the device is disturbed when the heartbeat develops. In some cases, the EKS results in a rapid heartbeat, so the performance of the instrument must be evaluated.
Pacemaker tachycardia itself is a complication of pacing. Pathology can provoke more severe cardiac impairment. In particular, flickering or fibrillation may develop, which require immediate medical intervention. Against the background of a rapid heartbeat, the patient’s well-being deteriorates considerably, so it is very important to begin treatment on time.
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The disease is characterized by an uneasy course, often unpredictable in its development. In some cases, it does not cause complications. Some patients only experience heartbeat and vegetative disorders during an attack, and the quality of life between the attacks does not noticeably deteriorate. In other cases, paroxysm is so pronounced that it is difficult to stop with medication and under favorable conditions can provoke flickering or fibrillation.
The sinatricular tachycardia, like other forms of the rapid heart beat, is able to negatively affect the cardiovascular system. Long-running attacks or short, but often appearing, weaken the heart muscle. If a person ages or has rhythm disturbances, there are other heart conditions, then the risk of developing cardiogenic shock and other terminal states increases.
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Pathology itself is a complication of other somatic disorders, for example, hyperthyroidism, hypertension, vegeto-vascular dystonia, neuralgia. The severity of the rhythm disturbance mainly depends on the complexity of the course of the underlying disease, so it is difficult to talk about the specific consequences of functional tachycardia.
Functional tachycardia, like any other form of rapid heartbeat, can aggravate the course of the underlying disease. Particularly severe deterioration is observed when a combination of rhythm disturbance with hyperfunction of the thyroid gland, neurological disorders. In some cases, such a diagnosis is as cardiovascular dystonia. Such a pathology is often associated with high blood pressure.
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Most often develops atrioventricular reciprocal tachycardia. It can also be associated with various somatic diseases such as anemia, hypertension, hyperthyroidism. In this connection, the rhythm disturbance can aggravate the course of the underlying disease, making the prognostic conclusion less favorable. Rhythmic tachycardia, like any other heart palpitations, can greatly worsen the general well-being of the patient.
At first, there can be only clinical signs, but with prolonged course of rhythm disturbance in the heart there are organic changes, which are expressed in severe complications such as myocardial infarction, fibrillation, etc.
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Much depends on the severity of the clinic and the duration of the attack. Prolonged rapid heartbeat can cause acute heart failure. This pathology, in turn, promotes the development of pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock, which, in fact, are very close to clinical death. In some cases, recurrent tachycardia is more favorable. The heart still performs its work, but in an insufficient way, which may cause ischemia of various organs, including the heart muscle. Angina or myocardial infarction develops. If a violation of the rhythm arose against the background of chronic heart failure, then paroxysm noticeably worsens the general condition of the patient.
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Violation of the rhythm is characterized by a relatively favorable flow. In this condition, in rare cases, negative consequences and complications develop. Most often, they are determined in childhood when there are other predisposing factors other than cardiac disorders. Sometimes non-paroxysmal tachycardia lasting long and weakly clinically manifested. In such cases, its flow may be complicated by heart failure.
In childhood, non-paroxysmal tachycardia can cause neurological and autonomic disorders. Children with a similar pathology are poorly adapted in society, they have problems with peers. Externally, it may also appear pallor, leanness, excessive nervousness. In severe cases depression develops. Therefore, when staging a child of such a diagnosis, parents should be extremely attentive.
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The presented violation of the rhythm is a symptomatic manifestation occurring in the context of intercostal neuralgia. In essence, tachycardia in this case acts as a complication that has developed due to strong pain sensations. With proper treatment of this kind, a rapid heartbeat can not lead to any complications. Intercostal tachycardia is a compensatory, that is, protective, manifestation, which helps to cope with increased pain. But the prolonged transfer of the rapid heartbeat leads to a weakening of the heart muscle. In the presence of favorable circumstances, another organic pathology of the heart may appear on the background of this, more complex and dangerous.
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Pathological condition refers to ventricular tachycardia and its course can lead to a number of life-threatening complications. First of all, the risk of ventricular fibrillation increases, which in turn may be complicated by cardiogenic shock, acute cardiac failure, asystolia.
Another complication of polymorphic tachycardia may be a deterioration in the quality of life of the patient due to periodic attacks. To a lesser extent, the effects of rhythm disturbance are absent.
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The cardiac output disorder is a symptom that is associated with ischemic heart disease. In this disease there is a violation of the coronary blood supply, in view of which the heart muscle receives less oxygen and nutrients. Developed oxygen starvation causes a compensatory tachycardia, which in turn can be complicated by heart failure. In addition to insufficient cardiac activity with ischemic tachycardia, fibrillation of the ventricles may develop. This is one of the most unfavorable conditions, often ending in a fatal outcome. Therefore, the presented violation of the rhythm must necessarily be under medical control and under the cover of appropriate medical treatment.
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Patients with an impairment of rhythm may feel unpleasant subjective sensations, but the prognostic conclusion is basically favorable. Much depends on the form of arrhythmia, which manifested itself against a background of hormonal disorders. If it is sinus or supraventricular tachycardia, then there is no reason to worry. It is enough to adhere to the general recommendations so that the clinic of the pathology does not progress.
In some cases, hormonal disorders are accompanied by a tachycardia with an unfavorable course of action. In particular, paroxysmal palpitation can cause fibrillation or flutter of the atrium / ventricles. A severe complication is pulmonary edema, acute cardiac failure, cardiogenic shock. Percent small development podobnыh consequences, but it also holds sleduet Vovremya s Prevention sootvetstvuyuschym medykamentoznыm treatment.
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The presented pathology has a direct link with the additional pathways that participate in the formation of Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome. Antidromic tachycardia develops much less often than orthodromic, but it is considered more dangerous because of the high risk of developing ventricular fibrillation. Antidromic tachycardia may have a more or less favorable flow when the attack was successful and prescribed drugs proved to be effective in preventing relapse. Since the disease is often determined in childhood, one should be especially careful, as some drugs (digoxin, verapamil, beta-blockers) with a known rhythmic disorder can cause ventricular fibrillation.
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Disease harakteryzuetsya nepredskazuemыm development, with particular chastыm absence oboznachennoy reasons. Therefore, consequences and complications idiopathic tachycardia mogut bыt samыe raznыe. Redkye prystupы serdtsebyenyya zachastuyu vovse not oslozhnyayutsya, such techenye Therefore the disease is believed blahopryyatnыm.
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Cardiac disorders deyatelno not predstavljaet uhrozы human health. Can bolnoj yspыtыvat subъektyvnыy discomfort in connection with the appearance vremennыm uchaschennoho serdtsebyenyya and dizziness after cutting or horizontal transition IZ sydyacheho Situation in vertykalnoe. But nepryyatnыe Since dovolno symptoms pass quickly, not vыzыvaet s appearance anxiety. In slozhnыh cases, when orthostatic tachycardia sochetaetsya orhanycheskoy with heart pathology, bolnoj Could fall into swoon. This can be schytat As pryamыm so and indirect complications violations rhythm, because the loss of consciousness in bolshej least svjazana with ventricular insufficiency levoho, sprovotsyrovannoy uchaschennыm serdtsebyenyem.
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Disease harakteryzuetsya about A blahopryyatnыm techenyem. If prystupы nechastыe or correctly assigned a Treatment, togda Global STATUS patient Virtually no narushaetsya. Edynstvennoe, Avto not otyahoschat protekanye disease sleduet ysklyuchyt provotsyruyuschye factors. K otnosytsya it chastыy stress, Physical surge, availability vrednыh pryvыchek (smoking, alcohol upotreblenye). Retsyproknaya tachycardia in zapuschennыh cases, when not carried adekvatnoe Treatment Liboje bolnoj not soblyudal predlozhennыe emu recommendations, can oslozhnytsya cardiac insufficiency. THIS pathology disorders submityaet is cardiac activity, with not as many proyshodyat polnotsennыe Reduction otdelov heart.
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In development predstavlyaemoho violations rhythm mainly zatrahyvayutsya atrium. Their frequency uvelychennaya sokraschenyy Often vыzыvaet nepryyatnыe oschuschenyya, but at slaboy vыrazhennosty clinical prognosis zachastuyu blahopryyatnыy. Vovremya nachatoe Treatment pomohaet cope with the attack and more than predotvratyt Development tyazhelыh complications in cardiac insufficiency video depressions cutting pressure.
While it is important for determining the maximum supraventrykulyarnoy tachycardia quickly kupyrovat attack, kotoryya Can dlytsya from few seconds to Several hours. Elimination paroxysms will allow predotvratyt TWINKLE ventricles, when heart nachynaet besporyadochno sokraschatsya and unproductive, something in the ochered prospered for fibrillation cardiac ventricles and prekraschenyyu activity.
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