Symptoms of arrhythmia

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Symptoms of sinus tachycardia

The main symptom of the disease is a rapid heartbeat. In adults, more than 100 beats per minute are determined, and in children it is 10% more than the age parameter. In this case, the rhythm of cardiac activity remains correct, that is, sinus. The upper boundary of the heart rate does not exceed 150-160 beats per minute. The heart rate gradually increases and goes down in the same way. Some patients notice an accelerated pulse, an unpleasant sensation in the region of the heart. In a functional disorder, subjective sensations may be absent, or manifested in insignificant measure.

Symptoms of sinus tachycardia can indicate the physiological course of the disease and pathological. In the first case, the clinic develops against a background of physical activity or psycho-emotional stress. In the second case – signs of tachycardia are observed in a calm condition, which significantly decreases the quality of life of the patient.

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Symptoms of Vaginal Arrhythmia

Pathology directly depends on the state of the parasympathetic nervous system. If the tonus of this department of the National Cancer Institute increases, then a clinic of vagal arrhythmia may develop. Symptoms are most often manifest at night, there is also a link between the manifestation of the disease and abundant food intake. Attacks of arrhythmia may appear in the lying position, if the strap is tightened tightly or a tie is tightly tied. Unlike some forms of arrhythmias, this type of disease is not provoked by emotional overvoltage.

Vagus arrhythmia can be expressed in various forms. Often it is bradycardia, when the heart rate is 50, 40 beats per minute and less. On this background there is a “fading heart” or lack of air. In complex cases, blockages are formed that can lead to cardiac arrest.

The Effects of the Vegetative Nervous System on the Heart

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Symptoms of pulmonary arrhythmia

It is expressed in the interruptions of the activity of the heart against the background of chronically flowing pulmonary hypertension. To this pathology very quickly attaches heart failure, expressed by shortness of breath, pain in the heart, edema. Along with irregular heartbeat, pressure in the chest may be felt, which is due to excessive stretching of the right ventricular myocardium. Since this ventricle is less tolerant than the left, participating in a large circle of blood circulation, the clinical picture progresses more rapidly.

During pulmonary hypertension, various types of arrhythmias develop. If the heart rate is 100 strokes or more, talk about tachycardia. With heart rate less than 60 beats per minute are noted bradycardia. Extraordinary contractions indicate the existence of extrasystoles. In severe situations and severe damage to the conductive system of the heart, atrial fibrillation may occur, characterized by a frequency of 300 beats per minute.

Video Pulmonary hypertension: symptoms and treatment

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Symptoms of systolic arrhythmia

It manifests itself as a non-cardiac operation and often acts as the first sign of cardiovascular disease. The patient feels discomfort in the area of ​​the heart, in some cases expressed by pain or squeezing. There may be dizziness, weakness throughout the body. During interruptions in the work of the ventricles, there will be a pronounced fatigue, which is sometimes supplemented by a feeling of "fading of the heart", lack of air.

Systolic arrhythmia can be expressed in various forms. The involved heartbeat of more than 100 beats per minute will indicate tachycardia, slowed down, less than 60 beats per minute, – on bradycardia. If paroxysms are periodic with a sensation of a shock or chest impact, then there is a high probability of developing extrasystoles. If the left ventricle function is noticeably reduced, when systolic ejection is observed less than 40%, chaotic and very frequent heartbeat may develop, indicating atrial fibrillation / ventricular fibrillation.

Video Interruptions in the heart, interruptions in the region of the heart

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Symptoms of medication arrhythmias

In case of overdose of a number of medications, a characteristic symptom complex may develop, including violations of the heart rate. One category of drugs can cause tachycardia (increase in heart rate), the other on the contrary - bradycardia (slows down the rhythm) or extrasystole (extraordinary contraction of the heart). It is also possible to have a blockade of heart of varying degrees of severity. In severe cases, throbbing or atrial fibrillation is diagnosed when heart rate is more than 300 beats per minute.

Symptoms typical for arrhythmias develop almost immediately after overdosing of medications affecting the functioning of the heart. In particular, the patient may complain of dizziness, palpitations and a pronounced feeling of weakness. With bradycardia, there will be a feeling of “fading of the heart” and a lack of air, and at flickering – “the ripping of the heart from the chest”.

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Symptoms of ischemic arrhythmia

Ischemic heart disease is often complicated by such a pathological condition as arrhythmia. Symptoms such as interruptions in the work of the heart, frequent or delayed heart contractions are characteristic of violations of the rhythm. I feel a lack of air. In addition to pain in the chest caused by the coronary heart disease, the patient may feel "a heartbeat from the breast," "fading the heart," "turning the heart", which is characteristic of arrhythmia. In severe cases, shortness of breath, severe weakness, and dizziness may appear, which is often due to the unproductive work of the left ventricle.

With ischemic heart disease, various forms of arrhythmias develop. Most often it is extrasystole, ventricular tachyarrhythmia, flickering of the atrium, blockade of varying degrees of severity. Relative to a benign condition is extrasystole, that is, extraordinary contractions of the heart. Ventricular tachyarrhythmia and flickering with an unfavorable course can cause a cardiac arrest. The same risk is observed in blockade of the fourth degree, therefore at symptoms in the form of loss of consciousness you should immediately seek medical attention.

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Symptoms of supraventricular arrhythmia

The heart rhythm is felt to the patient as irregular, swollen. Discomfort is determined in the chest area, anxiety and fear may arise. Appearing from time to time weakness does not allow to perform the usual duties. Similar signs develop in some cases without any apparent cause, and then supraventricular arrhythmia is indicated as idiopathic.

Nedaulodochkovaya arrhythmia may manifest itself in several forms: atrioventricular nodal tachycardia, intraperitoneal tachycardia, atrial fibrillation / fibrillation, WPP syndrome (Wolf-Parkinson-White). The most clinically unfavorable is atrial fibrillation, which, under predisposing conditions, is capable of passing on the ventricles and leading to a cardiac arrest.

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Symptoms of vascular arrhythmia

The presented type pathology can not be felt or perceived by a person in complicated cases such as interruptions in cardiac activity, "fading of heart", feeling of lack of air. In addition, a patient with VSD may complain about weakness, dizziness, excessive sweating, pallor of the skin, and the appearance of fear and anxiety. In some forms of arrhythmia, symptoms such as convulsions, loss of consciousness, and breathing problems are added.

With vegetosulmonary dystonia, various types of heart rhythm disorders may develop. Often, tachycardia (pulse rate), bradycardia (pulse rate), extrasystoles (extraordinary contractions that can be singular and group) appear. In severe cases, there is a tenderness of arrhythmia, manifested by uncoordinated, frequent appendages of the atrium that are capable of transmitting to the ventricles and thereby complicating the clinical picture by swelling, shortness of breath.

Extrasystole Video With Detoxia Vegetal Vascular Disorders (VSD), Panic Attacks, and Neurosis

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Symptoms of hypertonic arrhythmia

There are interruptions in the work of the heart, which are primarily associated with hypertension. The patient becomes significantly worse during a hypertensive crisis. If in a normal state the heart is not felt, then at an arrhythmia the patient complains to a heartbeat, "fading of the heart", a feeling of lack of air, cardialgia. With prolonged course of the disease, left ventricular insufficiency is formed, which is expressed in shortness of breath, dizziness, edema.

With hypertension, both paroxysmal tachycardia and sinus arrhythmia or extrasystole may develop. In the worst case, symptoms of atrial fibrillation are determined, which increases the risk of developing thromboembolism. With the overload of the heart, fibrillation of the ventricles may develop, especially in the presence of chronic heart failure. Symptoms of this condition are extremely unfavorable – loss of consciousness, stopping of breathing and cardiac activity.

Video Decrease of blood pressure, hypertension. Signs of arrhythmia.

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Symptoms of respiratory arrhythmia

It is mainly determined by children of school age. Violation of the heart rhythm is most often associated with the formation of the growing body, therefore practically does not cause discomfort in the adolescent. The only one, when exercising, is a palpitations which in a calm condition passes. With objective examination, vegetative disorders (increased sweating, marble skin, emotional lability) can be observed. If the child is asked to breathe, then the heartbeat will intensify on the breath, and on the way out, slow down.

In adults, respiratory arrhythmias are often not defined, although, under the influence of adverse factors, changes in the work of the heart associated with respiration may be noted. In such cases, in addition to the palpitation of the heart, the patient will notice signs of dizziness, lack of air, the appearance of weakness in physical stress, in the worst case – in a calm condition.

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Symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia

There are various types of arrhythmias and in each case there are their characteristic symptoms. For sinus tachycardia, an increase in heart rate is more than 90 beats per minute against the background of normal sinus rhythm. For sinus bradycardia is the same, but the heart rate is less than 60 beats per minute. Sinus arrhythmia often depends on periods of respiration. In paroxysmal tachycardia, the attacks suddenly begin and end, while the heart rhythm is broken. Extrasystole is manifested as a "fading heart" and is common in both children and adults. Intrusive arrhythmias are characterized by an irregular contraction of the atrium, sometimes of the ventricles, which is manifested in chaotic cardiac activity.

Most often, the disease is perceived by the patients as a rapid (tachycardia) or, conversely, a weak heartbeat (bradycardia) of a non-constant nature that arises without apparent reasons. You may also experience a thrust or shock in the heart area, after which the heartbeat begins. In highly susceptible and emotional patients, vegetative disorders are observed in the form of reddening or paleening of the skin, increased sweating, sensation of heat in the body. It is also possible to develop irritability, frequent urination.

Video Violations of the heart rhythm

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Symptoms of ventricular fibrillation

Critical state, similar to clinical death due to failure of the heart to perform pumping functions. The patient first experiences severe weakness, dizziness, and then loses consciousness. During the probing of pulse on the carotid arteries, no beats are felt. Breath also absent. Seizures and involuntary urine output may appear. A cyanotic shade of skin covers appears.

In some cases, fibrillation manifests itself as a cardiogenic shock. The skin is pale, blood pressure drops sharply, the pupils expanded and stop responding to light. If the patient does not receive timely medical care, then there is a clinical death.

Video of Ventricular Fibrillatio

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Symptoms of ventricular tachycardia

The illness is characterized by the appearance of a rapid heartbeat, more than 100 beats per minute, which is often supplemented by pain in the area of ​​the heart and dizziness due to poor blood supply to the brain. In case of complicated course of the disease, hypotension, abnormal consciousness may be observed. The presence of a concomitant violation of the autonomic nervous system complements the clinic with symptoms such as irritability, sweating, fluttering, feeling of fear, and in extreme cases, panic attacks. To a small extent, the disease does not manifest itself.

The duration of the disease depends on the shape of the ventricular tachycardia. For example, unstable paroxysmal arrhythmias do not last longer than 30 seconds. Sustained tachycardia of the ventricles occur less frequently and can last for more than 30 seconds. In this form, a hemodynamic disorder is often observed. Chronic ventricular tachycardia is observed for weeks and months and is characterized by short, recurring attacks.

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Symptoms of atrial flutter

Complex pathology causes heavily tolerable symptoms, one of which is a strong heartbeat with heart rate of 200 to 400 beats per minute. An important difference from fibrillation or flickering of the atrium is the sinus rhythm is preserved. Also, the condition of the patient may noticeably deteriorate at insignificant loads or even to a vertical position. Similar to atrial fibrillation is not characteristic. During the examination of a patient, a frequent pulsation of the cervical veins is often determined.

If the ratio is 2: 1-4: 1, then the general condition of the patient is satisfactory. Some of the patients have a feeling of pressure in the chest, a decrease in physical endurance, hypotension. Patients also feel the heart “fluttering” or “jumping out of the chest”.Additional signs include weakness, dizziness, and in rare cases shortness of breath.

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Symptoms of atrial fibrillation

Pathology is manifested by a variety of symptoms, with the following main ones: the sudden onset of an attack, shortness of breath, shortness of breath, chest pain, weakness, elevation of heart rate from 150 to 200 beats per minute. . In mild cases, these symptoms are weak, in severe cases, they are of a permanent nature. At the expense of coordinated contraction of atrium, impulses are irregularly delivered to the ventricles, which in unfavorable circumstances can also go into fibrillation.

The risk group for fibrillation is made up of the elderly after 65 years. Especially complicated is the disease on the background of heart failure, when, in addition to the imbalance of atrial activity, insufficient cardiac output is observed. As a result, a deficiency of the pulse can be determined, that is, at the top of the heart and on the radiation artery, the rates of heart rate will be different.In case of acute or prolonged attacks, the patient may develop fainting.

Video Fibrillation of the atrium

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Symptoms of ventricular extrasystoles

In a normal state, heartbeat is not felt by a human being. With ventricular extrasystoles, extraordinary contractions are perceived as "hitting" or "turning" the heart. A person may be disturbed by weakness, dizziness, often there are sensations of lack of air and shortness of breath. It is considered to be a clinically disadvantage, which may indicate an increased risk of developing flashing of the ventricles.

Ventricular extrasystoles can cause loss of consciousness, if they arise frequently and occur immediately from several ectopic foci. Elderly people, who are often suffering from other cardiac diseases, are especially hard on extrasystole. Early extrasystoles can reduce cardiac output, which can also be manifested as dizziness or fainting.

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Symptoms эkstrasystolycheskoy arrhythmia

Nerehulyarnыe and nechastыe эkstrasystolы bolnыmy Virtually no oschuschayutsya and mogut bыt vыyavlenы planned during Surveying. More emergence extrasystoles often is observed in patients IRR, kotoryya soprovozhdayutsya appearance razdrazhytelnosty "prylyvov" weakness, discomfort in the chest, but the main thing - sboyamy in the work of the heart. Such эkstrasystolы How often oboznachayutsya funktsyonalnыe Especially Clinical value, and do not have.

10-20% umenshatsya Can hemodynamics during hruppovыh and rarely extrasystoles. The combination with atherosclerosis pathology manifested as dizziness and video obmorochnыh STATUS and yshemycheskoy illness with heart – davyaschymy zahrudynnыmy pain. In part patsyentov nablyudayutsya Such symptoms, How udushe, feeling “zamyranyya heart” and anxiety.

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Symptoms mertsayuschey arrhythmia

Manifestations zavysyat such type of disease. In Most cases arises uchaschennoe serdtsebyenye, pp Increase in heart rate from 350 to 700 udarov to pass, soprovozhdayuscheesya chastыm mocheyspuskanyem. Due to the Reduction of heart on the background vыbrosa dyskoordynyrovannoy work predserdyy and ventricles Can razvytsya Acute heart failure, vыrazhaemaya in kardialnogo syndrome (odыshka, serdechnыe pain, dizziness, weakness). In dopolnenye stradayut others orhanы and systems of the organism, something manifested sootvetstvuyuschey symptomatykoy.

In cases typychnыh Patients zhaluyutsya to shiver, mыshechnuyu weakness, fear, haotychnoe beating heart. On the background of sharply Increase serdtsebyenyya mogut voznykat panycheskye attack. In severe disease protekanyy nablyudayutsya swoon, something opasno life for the patient. Paroksyzmalnыe forms of atrial arrhythmia in 10% of patients nykak not proyavlyayutsya. In such cases pervыm symptom tromboэmbolyya Can sex, mostly in video stroke.

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Symptoms synusovoy arrhythmia

Mainly manifested uchaschennыm serdtsebyenyem, oschuschenyem "zamyranyya heart." discomfort in the cardiac region. Can bolnoj complain, something betsya Uneven heart. In cases of heart nekotorыh As bы ostanavlyvaetsya and zatem nachynaet bыstree to work. Voznykshaya in the background psyhoэmotsyonalnoho voltage arrhythmia Can soprovozhdatsya dizziness, slabostyu, oschuschenyem heat t everybody TV, poholodanyem extremities, something will be ukazыvat on vehetatyvnыe violations.

In Most cases are not accompanied orhanycheskoy pathology and violation of the circulation, Therefore Can Protec bessimptomno and dyahnostyrovatsya IN TIME profosmotrov. But in patients with the disease except kardyalnыmy vыsheperechyslennыh pryznakov arises oschuschenye Lack of air, odыshka and pain in the heart.

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Symptoms synusovoy bradycardia

Harakternыm signs of pathology javljaetsja oschuschenye "zamyranyya heart", while this persists Normal, sinus rhythm. Next is determined by the frequency serdechnыh sokraschenyy below vozrastnoy norms (in Adults udarov below 60 per pass). Than menshee heart rate more than nebezopasna pathology topics for the patient. Online Can otmechat weakness, fatigue, Fatigue bыstruyu. In cases nekotorыh arrhythmia observed in the STATUS quarters, something ukazыvaet on prohressyrovanye disease. Can cause bradycardia Chastaya for loss of consciousness (syncope).

Fyzyolohycheskaya often is determined bradycardia in athletes, because the they yzmenyaetsya krovosnabzhenye myocardial exchange and power machinery in the form postoyannыh trenyrovok. If the arrhythmia svjazana with patolohycheskym STATUS, togda Clinic manifested more than vыrazheno – rhythm Significantly reduced.

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Symptoms of paroxysmal tachycardia

Symptoms of paroxysmal tachycardia - manifested vnezapno nachavshymsya attack serdtsebyenyya, kotoroe as well vnezapno prekraschaetsya. Duration Limit paroxysms kolebletsya a few seconds here Several days before. Characteristic beginning an intimation attacks - oschuschenye tolchka in the field of heart, kotoryya zatem move in uchaschennoe beating heart. In paroxysmal tachycardia heart rate sostavljaet 150 to 220 udarov a minute. On the background of sharply stolko Can Increase heart rate will appear dizziness, noise in the ears or zvon, feelings szhymanyya in the field of heart. In Outgoing PT IZ predserdyy kardyalnuyu dopolnyayut clinical signs of autonomic disorders: poholodanye limbs, potlyvost peak times, oschuschenye heat in the body. Okonchanye Pristoupa often accompanied by polyuria, chastыm mocheyspuskanyem at this mocha Ņâåōëāĸ and nekontsentryrovannaya.

Prystupы mogut zatyahyvatsya and togda arteryalnoe pressure of snyzhaetsya and Global STATUS uhudshaetsya development due to the weakness in nekotorыh cases – obmorokov. At simultaneous occurrence of pain in the heart vыrazhennыh ymeet defeat myocardial place. Especially severe tolerated ventricular tachycardia paroksyzmalnaya, kotoroe javljaetsja zhyzneuhrozhayuschym state.

Video What you need to know about paroxysmal tachycardia

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Symptoms klapannoy arrhythmia

Under the concept "klapannыe arrhythmia" zachastuyu podrazumevaetsya sochetannыy syndrome kotoryya vыrazhaetsya abuse in heart rhythm and apparatov valve insufficiency. Total razvyvaetsya chashche arrhythmia in atrial video, kotoraja manifested except serdtsebyenyya odыshkoy, feelings of fear, dizziness. In cases tyazhelыh Can come synkopalnoe STATUS or vnezapnaya ostanovka heart.

In Most patients with mitral insufficiency Disease vыzыvaet not significantly uhudshenyya health, Therefore, on the background of vice valve arrhythmia Liboje vovse not razvyvaetsya, Liboje manifested in video synusovoy tachycardia, paroksyzmalnыh prystupov, arrhythmia.

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Symptoms podzheludochnoy arrhythmia

In patients nekotorыh Acute pancreatitis Can soprovozhdatsya disruption of cardiac activity, yavlyayuschyesya signs of arrhythmia. Also in Patients Often zhaluyutsya Changing pulse (stanovytsya more than chastыm or rarely, napryazhennыm or, on the contrary, oslablennыm) oschuschenyya appearance Lack of air, "vыprыhyvanyya heart IZ chest." Podobnoe sluchaetsya, except If digestive tract diseases nablyudalys orhanycheskye heart lesions, observed Liboje chrezmernoe activity of the sympathetic nervous system otdelov ..

Arrhythmia at podzheludochnoy gland disease are often funktsyonalnыy character. Because of perevozbuzhdenyya nervous system narushaetsya heart rhythm, heart rate stanovytsya bolshe or less vozrastnoy norms (in Adults 60-90 In normal STATUS udarov per pass).

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Symptoms kyshechnoy arrhythmia

Other Disease ymeet more than rasprostranennoe oboznachenye - ventricular arrhythmia. Podobnoe violation svjazano with rhythm disorders conduction in ventricles, as a result cheho yzmenyaetsya and uchaschaetsya s Reduction Process. Typychnыmy manifested for signs of arrhythmia - oschuschenyem serdtsebyenyya, tolchkoobraznыe udarы in the field of heart, weakness, vyalost, Reduction Physical endurance. When failure levoho ventricle, dilated or hypertrophic myokardyopatyyah mogut be observed symptoms Such As odыshka, edema, pain in the cardiac region.

Ventricular arrhythmia in vыrazhayutsya DIFFERENT forms: arrhythmia, tachycardia, bradycardia. In cases slozhnыh razvyvaetsya ventricular fibrillation. Clinical picture of ventricular arrhythmia Can oslozhnyatsya synkopalnыmy STATUS, Very chastыmy extrasystoles, paroxysmal neustoychyvыmy and ustoychyvыmy, vnezapnoy ostanovkoy heart.

Video Ventricular Extrasystole. Symptoms, causes and methods of treatment

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Symptoms intercostal arrhythmia

In patients intercostal neuralgia often is determined arrhythmia in video pereboev in the work of the heart. Can be observed Serdtsebyenye paroxysmal or gradually narastat and elements. Mezhrebernuyu often soprovozhdaet neuralgia pain, pronyzыvayuschaya, rezkaya, paroxysmal or narastayuschaya, but not ÎÍÀ svjazana with cardiac muscle lesions, Therefore no blog more serious Clinical value. Advanced Can be observed Reduction or Increase arterial pressure.

Vaud TIME intercostal neuralgia zachastuyu razvyvaetsya sinus tachycardia, kotoraja on the Elimination pervoprychynы, that is vыrazhennыh boleznennыh oschuschenyy, quickly passes. In cases rarely arises paroksyzmalnaya tachycardia, but This breach rhythm bolshe svjazano orhanycheskoy with heart pathology. Part zhaluetsya patients not in cardiac tolchkoobraznыe udarы region, Could something ukazыvat to arrhythmia. When defeat intercostal nerve arrhythmia largely Standing and pass through korotkoe TIME, especially in sluchae pryema nytrohlytseryna.

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Symptoms heterotopnoy arrhythmia

This group of heart rhythm disturbances is still known as ectopic anomalies of automatism. Expression of symptoms is often determined in severe cases. Typical signs of arrhythmias are typical for pathology: palpitation, feeling of "jumping from the heart", chest discomfort, weakness, decreased physical endurance during an attack. With an objective examination, it is possible to determine elevated ripple in the area of ​​the carotid arteries.

The main forms of heterotropic arrhythmias are: iridoventricular rhythm, atrioventricular rhythm, lower atrial rhythm. With these disorders, pulse is often determined within 40-60 times per minute. There is also an accelerated ectopic rhythm, when the pulse is 90-140 times per minute. Clinically similar varieties are hard to distinguish, so the electrocardiographic diagnostics is mainly used to determine the precise localization of rhythm disturbances.

Video Violations of the heart rhythm

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Symptoms of neurological arrhythmia

Violation of the rhythm often develops on the backdrop of a nervous system disorder (neurocirculatory dystonia, neuritis, neuralgia), and is therefore considered as functional dysfunction. Patients note heart attacks, which are associated with an emotional or psychological tension. Also, jumps of irregular rhythm may occur after fright or sharp unexpectedness. If there is fear or anxiety in the background of arrhythmia, then a panic attack or a depressive state may develop.

In some cases, neurological arrhythmias are associated with organic brain pathology (tumor processes, traumas, extensive strokes). In such cases, persistent and severe forms of rhythm disturbance are formed. It may be atrial fibrillation, atrial fibrillation / ventricles. The clinical picture can be expressed from the heartbeat to the threat of cardiac arrest.

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