Consequences of complication bradycardia
Long-running sinus bradycardia can lead to frequent loss of consciousness. It becomes more difficult for the patient to perform the usual duties, the usual things begin to irritate and lead to an emotional imbalance. The most severe complications of rhythm disturbance are heart failure, mainly left ventricular. Also, sudden cardiac arrest may develop, which, under adverse conditions, can lead to fatal outcome.
The disease is an extracardial pathology that focuses more on the internal organs and nervous system than on the heart and blood vessels. Often, rhythm disorder does not have serious consequences. The patient may feel discomfort in the area of the heart, deterioration of general well-being. In more complex cases, it often manifests a decrease in work capacity and concentration, there is dizziness and weakness. Neurological disorders are especially pronounced, therefore, in spite of a relatively favorable prognosis, timely and correct treatment should be performed.
The presented disturbance of the rhythm has a direct relationship with organic heart lesions, so even with insignificant severity of the pathology should be extremely cautious. During ischemia, the myocardium begins to consume less oxygen, which threatens myocardial infarction. If the heart rate is further reduced, then the risk of heart muscle damage increases even more. Thus, the main consequences of ischemic bradycardia is a heart attack, angina pectoris. The more distant complication is heart failure.
Violation of the rhythm is considered as a symptomatic manifestation, therefore it can not significantly affect the state of health of the patient. In this case, only a functional reduction in the frequency of cardiac contractions, without blockades and other conduction disturbances should be determined. If extracardiac bradycardia is expressed as a sinatricular or atrioventricular blockade, then the prognosis is less favorable as it increases the risk of sudden cardiac arrest.
Violation of the rhythm is associated with the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system, the disorder which in most cases is not able to lead to serious hemodynamic changes. The only patients may notice a deterioration in general health, a decrease in working capacity. There is also an increased risk of developing various extracardial diseases, but from the heart and vessels, serious violations are usually noted.
Hyperkalaemia and bradycardia
The high content of potassium in the blood can be expressed in a different clinic. Mild manifestations in the form of dizziness, the feeling of fading the heart during treatment do not threaten serious consequences. It is enough to reduce the concentration of cation to make the patient's condition normal. If the help was not provided and the level of potassium continues to increase, then the heart rate decreases, and together with it, there may be a state of wasting. If the hypercalemia is 8 mmol / l or more, then the heart can stop and run it in such cases is extremely difficult.
The disease can be manifested both in easily progressing forms and in the development of a serious clinic, in which severe hemodynamic changes are observed. In connection with this, any complications may either be absent at all, or serious cardiovascular pathologies arise. In particular, heart failure, atrial fibrillation or fibrillation of the ventricles can be determined. But the most adverse consequence is sudden cardiac arrest, which is most often recorded in the age group of 18 to 30 years of age. At the same time, special lesions of the heart and blood vessels of such victims are usually not determined.
The consequences and complications of the presented rhythm depend on the course of the disease. Mild manifestations do not pose a particular threat to the health of the patient, unless he has concomitant cardiovascular disease. If paroxysms often occur or persist for a long time, even in the absence of heart disease, the risk of sudden cardiac arrest increases. Especially high probability of development of such a complication in the presence of risk factors: bad habits, age over 50 years, irrational nutrition, excess body weight.
The disease is a combination of pathological processes of two different forms of rhythm disturbance, so careful treatment should be taken to prevent the occurrence of a number of complications. First of all, patients with heartbeat disturbance and concomitant cardiovascular pathology may experience left ventricular failure, tremor or fibrillation of different parts of the heart. You should also know that if you suddenly stop the heart due to a sharp decrease in heart rate, a person can get injured, as well as damage to other people.
In the absence of a patient, cardiovascular disease does not cause anxieties in the work of the heart. May be complicated by cardiac disorders in the presence of organic lesions of the myocardium (heart attack, ischemia, destruction, dystrophy). If, for example, the patient developed reflex bradycardia against an extracardiac disease (hypothyroidism, brain tumor, dysfunction of the adrenal glands), then it is enough to carry out treatment prescribed by the doctor, so that the state of health does not deteriorate.
In most cases, the disease does not pose a threat to human health. Patients may feel subjective discomfort, but with proper treatment, it quickly passes. Also, the condition of the cardiovascular system is assessed by the presence of concomitant pathology. For example, in patients other than rhythm disturbances, hypothyroidism is determined, but with the help being maintained, then no serious complications occur.
When involved in the pathological process of ventricles, there is always a danger of ending cardiac activity. This can happen for only a second or two (Morgany-Adams-Stokes attacks), in other cases - for a longer time, after which the patient undergoes a clinical death. In any case, severe ventricular bradycardia presents a threat not only to health but also to human life.
The disease often has no consequences, as it is often determined by clinically healthy people of the asthenic body. If the slowing of the rhythm begins to cause subjective discomfort, then this is considered an attack of bradycardia and appropriate treatment should be performed. When performing the recommendations of the doctor suggested by the doctor it will be possible to avoid significant deterioration in the state of health, reduction of working capacity, syndrome of chronic fatigue.
In case of severe overdose of drugs, manifested by pronounced bradycardia, there may be a terrible complication - cardiac arrest. Due to the asystole background, clinical death is rapidly developing due to ischemia of the brain tissues. If in such cases the patient does not provide timely help, then a lethal outcome is possible.