Treatment of bradycardia

Treatment of sinus bradycardia

Rarely occurring bradycardia does not require specific treatment. Actions such as taking a warm bath, brewing strong coffee or tea, performing special physical exercises (walking down the stairs, running or walking in the open air) can help to reduce the manifestations of the disease. In bradycardia, a person may lose consciousness and then it is necessary to carry out artificial respiration and indirect heart massage until the arrival of ambulance. Frequently arising arrhythmia requires medication that is prescribed by the cardiologist. If it does not produce results, then the pacemaker is implanted.

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Treatment of neurogenic bradycardia

The severity of the clinical picture of the disease lies at the heart of the choice of treatment tactics. If it is possible to stop the attack with medicines, then use isadrine, alupent, atropine. Some patients have intolerance to these drugs, then ephedrine is used. In extreme cases, when medical treatment is impossible or when it has been ineffective, surgical effect is applied. A pacemaker is often implanted, after which appropriate medicines are prescribed.

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Treatment of ischemic bradycardia

Drug treatment is performed in those cases where the following symptoms are observed: an abnormal condition, a reduced blood pressure, long or hard stopping attacks of a slowed heartbeat, a sharp intolerance to sick signs of the disease. If hemodynamic disturbances are absent, then the drugs are taken outpatient and, as a rule, in tabulated forms. In case of severe inflammation, intensive treatment is carried out in the hospital.

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Treatment of extracardiac bradycardia

The tactics of treatment in many respects depend on the clinical picture, the state of health of the patient. If the slowing of the rhythm is extremely pronounced, then drugs such as atropine, alupent, isadrine, isoproterenol are used. Ephedrine is sometimes more effective, which is especially shown to the patient who does not tolerate atropine and isadrin. After the attack is cured, an assessment is made of the general condition of the patient, and in the future the treatment tactic is directed at the main disease causing bradycardia.

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Treatment of vaginal bradycardia

The disease may occur with a poorly defined clinic and then no drugs are used. If the slowing of the rhythm is extremely pronounced, that is, the heart rate has dropped below 40 beats / min, then urgent measures should be taken. First of all an ambulance is called, then the patient is placed on a horizontal surface and raises his legs. If necessary, actions are performed on the return of consciousness or a cardiopulmonary resuscitation is performed. In the conditions of the hospital, preparations are introduced from the group of cholinolytics, which help to increase the heart rate and improve the well-being of the patient.

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Treatment of hyperkalaemia and bradycardia

It is important to begin to determine the cause of hyperkalaemia, when a patient has a bradycardia on the background of this pathological condition. Next, those drugs that help improve your well-being are used. Some of them help remove potassium from the body (diuretics, cation exchange resins, aldosterone-containing substances). The action of others is aimed at stimulating the transfer of potassium from the intercellular fluid to the middle of cells (glucose with insulin, calcium chloride, sodium bicarbonate).

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Treatment of pathological bradycardia

The disease can be expressed in various forms, and each requires a special treatment tactic. In the mild expression of the clinic it is enough to drink hot tea or coffee, take a hot tub or exercise. A feeling of discomfort during pathological bradycardia is removed by special medications, which is prescribed by the doctor for outpatient treatment. If the heart rate is below 40 beats / min, then ambulance should be provided. In the following, as a rule, the variant of radical treatment is considered, that is implantation of the pacemaker.

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Treatment of paroxysmal bradycardia

The presented form of rhythm disturbance is often observed in children who are afflicted with respiratory infiltration. The combination of two pathologies can be weakly manifested and then no specific treatment is performed. At an expressed clinic, medical treatment is often required, often including such drugs as atropine and theophylline. If the heart rate at the background of the therapy is not determined to be above 40 beats / min, then a pacemaker is implanted to prevent sudden cardiac arrest.

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Treatment for cystic bradycardia

Depending on the course of the disease, the most appropriate treatment tactics are selected. With excessive expression of the slow heartbeat (heart rate below 40 beats / min), the question of implantation of the pacemaker is considered. This is necessary to prevent sudden cardiac arrest. Blinking requires a somewhat different treatment. In particular, doses of antiarrhythmic drugs that control the heart rate are selected. The most effective in terms of eliminating flicker beta-blockers, but their use is strictly based on medical indications.

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Treatment of reflex bradycardia

Often linked to other diseases (cardial and extracardiac), therefore, depending on the severity of the clinic, treatment of the main pathology is first and foremost. For this patient the patient is examined, clinical tests and additional research methods are prescribed. By studying the results obtained, a complex of drugs is prescribed. In some cases, previously used, only dose adjustments are necessary and other means added. In addition it is important to adhere to the rules of dietary nutrition and healthy lifestyle, which will help as quickly as possible to get rid of disturbance and rhythm and concomitant pathology.

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Treatment of sinusoidal bradycardia

At the beginning of the attack there is a pre-medical assistance in the form of carrying out a simple physical exercise, cooking strong tea or coffee, taking a warm foot bath. In some cases, take Zelenin drops, but it is better to coordinate such and other medications with the attending physician. In the case of a severe course of the disease, an emergency call is made and, before the patient arrives, it is desirable to put the patient on a horizontal surface with the lifting of the legs and wrapping them with a blanket. If you lose consciousness you need to bring a person into a sense with ammonia, cold water. At the arrival of the medical brigade, as a rule, atropine, isoprenaline, glucagon is introduced.

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Treatment of ventricular bradycardia

In this pathology, symptomatic treatment is most often used, when it is difficult for a patient to tolerate manifestations of a slowed rhythm. In such cases, one of the following drugs is prescribed: caffeine, eleutherococcal extract, ephedrine. It is also important to determine the cause of the rhythm disturbance and eliminate it. In some cases, appropriate treatment is being performed to help improve the general condition of the patient. When determining a slowed heartbeat without pronounced clinical signs, it is enough to adhere to the cardiologist's recommendations for nutrition and lifestyle, so that the state of health does not deteriorate.

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Treatment of vertical bradycardia

A rhythm disorder can be observed in clinically healthy people who do not feel significant discomfort from the vertical location of the heart's electrical axis and slowed-down rhythm. In such cases, no specific treatment is required, or it is enough to adhere to the rules of a healthy lifestyle, to eat well and move sufficiently. If the general condition of the patient is satisfactory or characterized by complicated flow, then treatment with ephedrine, caffeine or other drug, chosen by the doctor is conducted. In severe cases, a pacemaker is implanted.

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Treatment of medication bradycardia

If the medication is misused, the intestine must first be cleansed of excessive amounts of medication. Activated charcoal or any other sorbent is accepted for this purpose. In the absence of the preparation, it is possible to drink normal, pure water, boiled or non-carbonated. Next you need to look at the condition of the patient. At low clinical signs, home-based treatment may be performed under the supervision of a physician. In severe cases, an ambulance should be called, which will start detoxification therapy and deliver the patient to the intensive care unit.

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