Kind of tachycardia

Spiral tachycardia

Spider-like tachycardia is a pathology that is difficult in its development, which can be hereditary and acquired. The basic separation of the presented rhythm disturbance is based on the QT interval. With its lengthening talk about spindle-shaped tachycardia with an elongated QT interval. The pathology is developed not on the basis of innate factors, there is also an acquired form that is less studied than the first one. Clinical significance is more important in the acquired spindle-like tachycardia with an elongated QT interval, while the congenital variant is further divided into 7 types that have their own genetic-molecular features.

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Hormonal tachycardia

Hormonal tachycardia is one of the disorders of rhythm disturbance, which is combined with changes in the body's hormonal background. Most often, tachycardia is observed in thyrotoxicosis, but also a heartbeat is diagnosed with hormonal dysfunctions in women. The presented pathology in clinical practice is defined as a symptom rather than a separate disease, therefore it is not divided into separate forms and kinds.

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Polymorphic tachycardia

Polymorphic tachycardia is a disturbance in pulse conductivity, which may be hereditary or acquired. The pathological process most often involves ventricles, therefore, often the prognosis for the presented disease is unfavorable. It may be complicated by ventricular fibrillation, therefore timely initiated therapy is required. By their nature manifestations resemble polymorphic extrasystoles.

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Antidromic tachycardia

Antidromic tachycardia is a violation of the rhythm, based on the circulation of the excitation wave along a closed circuit. Characterized by involvement in the pathological process of the atrium, which begin to contract more often. Antidromic tachycardia is often combined with orthodromic, especially in the case of Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome.

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Neparoxysmal tachycardia

Neparoxysmal tachycardia is an independent disease that is well known as an accelerated ectopic rhythm. Pathology is more characteristic of children and young people, while considered rather dangerous, as it can quickly lead to heart failure. By localization, the atrial and ventricular neoparoxysmal tachycardia are isolated, among which the latter form is less favorable.

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Rhythmic tachycardia

Rhythmic tachycardia - occurs due to the actuation of several pathological mechanisms. This can be an activation of an ectopic focus or a disturbance in the conductivity of an electrical impulse. In view of the poor knowledge of the present cardiac disorder, the individual forms and types of rhythmic tachycardia are not distinguished.

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Functional tachycardia

Functional tachycardia - the basis of the development of this rhythm disturbance is the effect on the cardiac muscle of the nervous system and other non-cardiac factors of influence. Generally, in the case of functional tachycardia, organic heart lesions are absent, but other diseases that can cause a rapid heartbeat are observed.

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Ischemic tachycardia

Ischemic tachycardia - disturbance of the heartbeat is associated with ischemic processes occurring in the heart muscle. Pathology is a symptomatic determination, and can therefore be considered as those forms of tachycardia, the basis of which is the development of ischemic heart disease. First of all, this is fibrillation of the ventricles and sinus tachycardia, among which the second option is considered more favorable.

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Intercostal tachycardia

Intercostal tachycardia is another symptom complex that is common in intercostal neuralgia. Characterized by the relationship of heart rate increase with pain attacks. The prognostic value for this pathology is favorable, if only on time and properly to treat the main disease. Most often it manifests itself in the form of a sinus tachycardia, which is associated with an effect on the heart of the sympathetic department of the nervous system.

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Recurrent tachycardia

Recurrent tachycardia - characterized by malignant flow and involvement in the pathological process of ventricles and atrium. There are various degrees of manifestation of malignant tachycardia, which is not an independent disease, but only a clinical symptom. Pathology is often diagnosed in infancy, and can also be determined at an older age.

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Sinoatrial tachycardia

Sinoatrial tachycardia - the pathological condition belongs to a group of disorders of the rhythm, connected re-entry, the so-called mechanism of formation of pathological impulses. The presented violation of the rhythm is very similar to sinus tachycardia, only much less common and not always diagnosed. There may be a combination of pathology with atrioventricular blockade, which slightly worsens prognostic significance.

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Pacemaker tachycardia

Pacemaker tachycardia - this type of tachycardia is observed during the rehabilitation period associated with implantation of the pacemaker. In some cases, the operation of the device stimulates the increase in heartbeat, therefore, for its further use, the required correction of the EC activity is required. Pacemaker tachycardia can manifest itself in the form of fibrillation, tremor, extrasystole, supraventricular tachycardia.

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Left ventricular tachycardia

Left ventricular tachycardia is a rather severe disease that can be complicated by heart failure. It is a disturbance of the rhythm with an increased heart rate, further left ventricular dysfunction is observed. Depending on the localization of the pathological process, the posterior, front, interfacial, upper-septal tachycardia, associated with the left ventricle, are distinguished. With this pathology, organic lesions of the heart are often observed.

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Nodule tachycardia

Nodule tachycardia is a fairly common disorder of the rhythm, characterized by involvement in the pathological process of the atrioventricular node, hence the name is nodal tachycardia. May show up in typical and atypical forms. The latter is found much less frequently than the first form, that is, a typical nodal tachycardia. The disease is often transmitted through heredity, although some risk factors increase the likelihood of developing a pathology.

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Extrasystolic tachycardia

Extrasystolic tachycardia is a less commonly used notation that is more typical of clinical practice than an international classification. The presented pathology most likely combines signs of tachycardia and extrasystoles, which differ in their mechanisms of development. The extraistypes are divided by localization, severity, frequency of occurrence, but most commonly used the Launu-Wolf classification, which allocates five classes of extrasystole, in some cases combined with tachycardia.

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Transient tachycardia

Transient tachycardia - is a transient condition that most likely relates to symptom complexes, than to independent diseases. With the development of pathology against the background of organic heart lesions, then a more pronounced clinical picture is observed. In some cases, asymptomatic transitory tachycardia is observed.

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Physiological sinus tachycardia

Physiological sinus tachycardia - this type of arrhythmia refers to normal conditions that characterize the adequate response of the cardiovascular system to external stimuli. In this form of rhythm disturbances, organic damage to the heart can not be observed. During the examination of the patient, only a fast heartbeat that does not cause any anxiety is determined.

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Extreme tachycardia

Extreme tachycardia is a disturbance of the rhythm that occurs in complex, extreme cases. May be presented in such forms of tachycardia as sinus and ventricular. In other variants, extrasystole is diagnosed, which in critical cases can be complicated by ventricular fibrillation.

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Flickering tachycardia

Flickering tachycardia - in essence, this designation has another, more well-known designation - atrial fibrillation. Most often it develops in young women who often suffer from nervous stress. There are several types of flashing tachycardia: persistent, paroxysmal and chronic. any of the presented forms is relatively unfavorable, as they are able to reduce the quality of life of the patient.

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Progressive tachycardia

Progressive tachycardia is a rhythm disorder that is difficult to stop with medication and in a short period of time has changed in its clinical course. If the disease affects the ventricles, then prognostically unfavorable conclusion is given. In any case, it is important to treat it in a timely manner.

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Idiopathic tachycardia

Idiopathic tachycardia - refers to those diseases that occur without a visible cause. The patient's full clinical health is characterized by a rapid heartbeat. The presented pathology can be determined at any age, more often it occurs in young people. There are several forms of idiopathic tachycardia: sinus and ventricular. Less favorable is the second variant of rhythm disturbance, because the risk of heart failure increases.

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Orthostatic tachycardia

Orthostatic tachycardia - characterized by the appearance of a rapid heartbeat during a sharp change in the position of the body (for example, from the position lying in the standing position). It is determined by many people, especially in the elderly. In difficult cases, it can lead to loss of consciousness, when a person, for example, tries to climb from the bed abruptly. In this pathology, basically, give a favorable prognostic value.

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Orthodontic tachycardia

Orthodontic tachycardia is a complex pathology of the heart conduction system, often associated with Wolf-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW syndrome). There are several forms of the presented violation of the rhythm: hidden and explicit. The most obvious is an orthodromic tachycardia, since its signs are noticeable on the electrocardiogram. For prolonged periods it may be complicated by the blockade of the leg of the Hyza bundle.

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Reciprocal tachycardia

eciprocal tachycardia is the second most frequent occurrence after atrial fibrillation. The presented rhythm disorder is mainly due to women. The mechanism of formation of pathology is associated with the propagation of the wave type reenteri. Depending on the type of impulse input channels, reciprocal tachycardia is typical and atypical.

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Supraventricular tachycardia

Supraventricular tachycardia is an atrial contraction of the rhythm, which is most often associated with an impulse disorder of the type of reentry. There are various causes causing this type of tachycardia, according to which the characteristic clinical signs are determined. Not all types of supraventricular tachycardia are subjected to medical treatment.

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Arterial tachycardia

Arterial tachycardia is a symptomatic pathological condition in which, apart from the rapid heartbeat, arterial hypertension or hypotension may be observed. It can proceed in the form of sinus or paroxysmal tachycardia, while the second form of the pathology proceeds more difficult and is prognostically unfavorable.

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