First aid for tachycardia, what to do?

Author Ольга Кияница

2017-10-31

Tachycardia may develop in the most inappropriate case where the most unexpected symptoms are expected. At high risk of frequent attacks physicians often appoint suitable antiarrhythmic drugs. But even the sick most need to know thoroughly the basic stages of first aid, either alone to provide it to themselves, or to ask about her closest person

Tachycardia is a member of the arrhythmia group and is a rapid heartbeat, with the background of which there are characteristic signs: pronounced fatigue, weakness, dizziness, heaviness or pressure in the region of the heart, in severe cases shortness of breath appears. The long course of the disease affects the severity of the symptoms, therefore, the more time it takes for the patient to develop tachycardia, the less disturbing is the unpleasant symptoms.

The development of tachycardia adversely affects hemodynamics, as an increase in heart rate leads to more frequent heart contractions, but less productive.

The development of a pathological condition is often associated with other diseases: cardiovascular, extracardiac, functional disorders. Despite the cause of development, in some cases it is necessary to stop the attack of tachycardia in any case, for which special methods of exposure are used.

Video How to help a person with tachycardia

Is there always a first aid for tachycardia?

Not every attack of a rapid heart beat is necessary in the above ways. There are such forms of tachycardia, which are considered a variant of the norm, and even with strongly expressed symptoms does not require the use of special measures.

Physiological tachycardia is precisely that form of rapid heartbeat that can be solved independently if suitable methods are used for this. Such disturbances of the rhythm often arise at physical stresses, severe emotional overvoltages. If such factors of influence are eliminated and the person is in a quiet state for a while, then the physiological tachycardia passes without any consequences.

How to determine the permissible value of pulse during fictitious loading? To do this, you need to take the heart rate in 220 times / min and remove the patient's age from him. The resulting number is the maximum value permissible under various physical overloads.

Pathological tachycardia is characterized by a longer course of a rapid heartbeat that does not come to norm after being in a calm condition. Often, the disease develops against other pathologies: IHD, arterial hypertension, myocardial infarction, neuroses, overdose of certain drugs, disorders of the endocrine system. In such cases, not only the first aid, but also the medical care should be provided in time, therefore it is extremely important not to delay the tachycardia associated with hemodynamic disorders.

What to do with heart palpitations?

Tachycardia occurs in various forms and each one is stopped in a more or less specific way.

Help with supraventricular tachycardia:

  • The room should not be stuffy, so you should open the window.
  • It is necessary to take a comfortable position, half-sitting or lying, for which it is possible to use a couch., A sofa, an armchair.
  • It is worth trying to breathe smoothly and calmly, you can breathe deeply and make a slow exhalation.

It is recommended to find the pulse and start thinking about it by skipping two or three contractions so that the rhythm is close to normal. Such self-tuning often helps to slow down the wrong rhythm.

  • If there are signs of panic, then you should drink a sedative.
  • Close clothes should be removed so that there are no obstacles to free breathing.
  • You can not drink alcohol, strong coffee and tea, and also smoke.
  • It is necessary to give up chocolate, acute food.
  • Physical and mental stresses are not recommended.

Ventricular tachycardia often requires immediate medical attention. In 30% of such cases, the course of the disease is complicated by fibrillation of the ventricles, which leads to the death of the patient. Therefore, when you are diagnosed with ventricular tachycardia, you should urgently seek medical help.

Video How to help yourself with arrhythmias: heart failure, severe breathing, fast heartbeat?

How to stop heavy tachycardia

Strong bouts of rhythm disturbance are often stopped by the medication. Drugs of various pharmacological groups are used: sedative, tranquilizers, neuroleptics, ion channel blockers. But most often take beta-blockers, which, due to exposure to specific receptors, normalize the cardiac rhythm.

Often taken with Tachycardia beta-blockers:

  • The first generation - praindolol, practolol, propranolol, nadolol.
  • Second generation - metoprolol, atenolol, bisoprolol.
  • The third generation - nebivolol, carvedilol.

Of the first generation, drugs are less commonly used, since they are nonselective, and from the second-generation group more often, since the drugs have cardioselectivity. From the third group of medicines are characterized by vasodilating effect.

It is important to know that antiarrhythmic drugs, including beta-blockers, can only be taken after the appointment of a doctor, as they may develop serious side effects if they are not taken properly.

Video beta-blockers as the foundation of cardiology patient therapy. Harutyunov G.P.


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