Can Arrhythmia From Osteochondrosis?

Author Ольга Кияница


With diseases of the spine in the form of osteochondrosis, various accompanying diseases occur, but most often, it is a violation of the rhythm, or arrhythmia. In this case, patients are not always understood as the relationship between two different at first sight diseases, so it is worth looking at the information provided.

Osteochondrosis and arrhythmia are quite common diseases, since in both cases stresses, impaired lifestyle or, conversely, excessive physical activity are the causes. Sometimes it is enough to have one pathology, so that in the course of time it is joined by another.

The pain syndrome is observed both in case of osteochondrosis and in certain forms of arrhythmia, therefore sometimes it is not possible to distinguish one disease from another.

Diverse diagnostics is extremely important in the quality care of patients, such as arrhythmia, and osteochondrosis. Electrocardiography, radiography, ultrasound examination, Holter monitoring, load tests are used for examination. But in addition it is important to know the mechanisms of the occurrence of pathologies, their interconnection with each other and the basic principles of treatment.

Video Arrhythmia with osteochondrosis

Mechanisms of arrhythmia development in osteochondrosis

Pathological conditions characterized by degenerative-dystrophic degeneration of the spine are often associated with lesions of the vertebral arteries, which are infringed and begin to lower the blood flow to the corresponding structures. The arteries themselves pass along the vertebral column, and if the osteophytes begin to form from the nearby spinal disc or the muscles are constantly strained, then the blood pressure inside the vessel rises.

Disturbance of blood supply to the vertebral arteries is most often observed with osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.

Local changes in the blood supply system at first glance can not lead to serious heart disease, but some diseases still develop. In particular, we are talking about arrhythmia, which is a violation of the heart rate. When squeezing the vertebral artery, the heart muscle has to work harder to push blood through a small volume vessel.

Since osteochondrosis is a long-lasting pathology, a load on the heart is observed for a long time, therefore, various forms of arrhythmias can develop in patients, ranging from tachycardia to atrial fibrillation.

Infringement of the nerve roots is another mechanism for creating favorable conditions for the development of arrhythmia against the backdrop of destruction of the spine. In the case of the so-called ordinary dislocation of disks, the nerve root is squeezed. If the cardiac nerve is affected during the lesion, then arrhythmia develops.

The cardiac nerve plays a role in regulating the heart rate, so the contraction of its fibers disturbs the synchronization of the heart.

In some cases, there is a reversal of events. First, there is a heart condition that leads to an increase in the left and then the right ventricle. Under the constant pressure of the enlarged organ, the spine begins to twist, due to which osteochondrosis and scoliosis are formed.

Video How to distinguish heart pain from osteochondrosis? (Pain in the heart and osteochondrosis)

What arrhythmias are defined in osteochondrosis

There are several forms of arrhythmias that most often develop with osteochondrosis. First of all, it is a tachycardia, since it occurs as a compensatory reaction to squeezing the vertebral arteries. The second one is extrasystole, which is most often diagnosed in patients with osteochondrosis when the nerve fibers are damaged.

Unusual properties of tachycardia with osteochondrosis

The definition of an increase in the frequency of heart attacks indicates the presence of tachycardia. It often acts as a concomitant pathology, and it is characterized not only by the increase in heart rate, but also the appearance of weakness, dizziness, and the feeling of a heartbeat coming out of the chest. But there are some peculiarities of the tachycardia that developed in the background of osteochondrosis.

  1. A participated heartbeat can disturb the patient not only in physical activity or excitement, but also in a state of complete rest.
  2. If there is a back pain or a change in body position, which is inconvenient for the spine, an increase in the frequency of the heartbeat is observed.
  3. After medical treatment aimed at eliminating osteochondrosis, attacks of tachycardia are reduced or even stopped at all.
  4. Conducting electrocardiography allows to determine the preservation of sinus rhythm and normal form, the amplitude of all ECG teeth, therefore tachycardia is the only negative point.

The frequent occurrence of tachycardia negatively affects the work of the heart, which in some cases begins to experience oxygen starvation. If osteochondrosis and arrhythmia arisen on its background can not be treated for a long time, then organic heart disease can develop. People of the elderly and patients with unfavorable heredity are especially susceptible to this.

Features of extrasystole in osteochondrosis

Extrasystoles should be understood as extraordinary contractions, which mainly arise in the background of another disease. In particular, it is a question of osteochondrosis, which is often accompanied by a violation of nerve fibers, including the cardiac nerve.

Extrasystole in osteochondrosis occurs most often in the second and later stages, when destructive-dystrophic disorders are so extensive that there is a significant effect on the activity of the heart. Patients may feel the following changes:

  • In the region of the heart there are pronounced shocks that arise periodically, and in complex cases - more. Often.
  • Strong voltage is determined between the shoulder blades.
  • Periodically there are syncope or precognitive conditions.
  • Worried about the feeling of anxiety and lack of air.
  • There is an increased sweating, a feeling of heat throughout the body.
  • The pulse may be accelerated.

When difficult to diagnose a medical tonometer, pressure is measured and during extrasystoles the volume of release is higher than normal.

The timely measures taken to treat osteochondrosis can greatly alter the dynamics of extrasystole and other forms of arrhythmia that have arisen against the backdrop of illness of the spine. Typically, the pathology of the vertebral column is involved with the neurologist, and is more knowledgeable in this question - the vertebrologist. But when there is a complication in the form of a violation of the rhythm, consultations are held and the appointment of the cardiologist is supported.

Video Extrasystole with osteochondrosis

What therapy is used for arrhythmia and osteochondrosis

Pain in the region of the heart of vertebrogenic nature is often not as pronounced as in the primary pathology, therefore, antiarrhythmic drugs do not use in such cases. As a rule, they are limited to physiotherapy and various methods of folk medicine.

  • Deep point massage - has a fairly strong effect with heart pain and discomfort in the back. Helps relax your muscles in the region of the spine, which are about 6-4 cm deep, so they can not be exposed to the traditional form of massage.
  • Ointments with bee or snake venom, as well as various pain relievers, help increase heat dissipation and dilation of the vessels at a depth of 2 cm. This allows you to relax your muscles, which thereby relieves pressure from the nerve roots, and thus reduces painful sensations, manifestations of arrhythmia.
  • Of medications, vasodilators, anti-inflammatory and diuretic drugs are most often used.

In severe cardiology, an analgesic can be prescribed, but it is a symptomatic treatment that does not have a long-lasting effect, so the main thing is the elimination of the underlying cause, that is, osteochondrosis.

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