Normal pulse: normal values ​​for men and women

An important indicator of the state of the cardiovascular system is the pulse. The methods for determining it are the same, both for men and for women. The only results obtained are evaluated according to age and physiological parameters.

Pulse (or heart rate) - is a biological indicator, which is determined primarily at rest. If necessary, the results are evaluated after exercise and then talk about the maximum pulse.

The standard pulse rate in adults is in the range of 60-100 beats per minute.

Normal pulse for each his own. Some athletes are determined to reduce the pulse to 40-45 beats / min and while they feel good. In certain conditions, for example, during pregnancy, the pulse on the contrary increases by 15-20 beats / min, which is also considered a variant of the norm. There are differences in the pulse rates between men and women, which are worth knowing, especially those wishing to conduct quality training.

Video: Which pulse is normal and which is dangerous for health?

Heart rate at rest

The heart rate is determined in a calm state, when you can get the most accurate data about the cardiovascular system.For today, tables of indicators are compiled for both men and women, which can additionally be differentiated by age.

Pulse in men in a calm state
Age Heart rate per minute
Athletes Excellent Good Below the average Average Above average bad
18-25 49-55 56-61 62-65 66-69 70-73 74-81 82+
26-35 49-54 55-61 62-65 66-70 71-74 75-81 82+
36-45 50-56 57-62 63-66 67-70 71-75 76-83 83+
46-55 50-57 58-63 64-67 68-71 72-76 77-83 84+
56-65 51-56 57-61 62-67 68-71 72-75 76-81 82+
66+ 50-56 56-61 62-65 66-69 70-73 74-79 80+

 

Pulse in women in a calm state
Age Heart rate per minute
Athletes Excellent Good Below the average Average Above average bad
18-25 49-55 56-61 62-65 66-69 70-73 74-81 82+
26-35 54-59 60-64 65-68 60-72 73-76 77-82 83+
36-45 54-59 60-64 65-69 70-73 74-78 79-84 85+
46-55 54-60 61-65 66-69 70-73 74-77 78-83 84+
56-65 54-59 60-64 65-68 69-73 74-77 78-83 84+
66+ 54-59 60-64 65-68 69-72 73-76 77-84 84+

If judging by the tables, the pulse is determined above the average, then all measures should be taken to normalize it.To do this, the potential cause of the disorder should be eliminated and other medical recommendations implemented.

As shown by research tracking conducted for 16 years involving 3000 men, a high heart rate at rest significantly increases the risk of sudden death.

Initially, the study of all participants was interviewed by a doctor to assess their health and lifestyle. Also cardiorespiratory fitness was used, which evaluated the work of the heart on a bicycle.

For about 15 years, researchers have followed some participants and conducted additional checks. Sixteen years later, the researchers checked whether the participants were still alive. By that time, almost four out of every 10 participants had died.

A high pulse was often associated with lower physical exertion, increased blood pressure and body weight, and excessive levels of circulating fats were also observed. Men who exercised had better pulse rates.

The researchers concluded: "We found that regardless of the level of physical condition, subjects with a high level of heart rate are lower than patients with a lower heart rate. This suggests that high heart rate at rest is not a marker of poor physical fitness, but refers to independent risk factors. "

The cardiac rhythm at rest is determined by the activity of the central nervous system, levels of circulating hormones and cardiorespiratory fitness. While the correlation between high cardiorespiratory stamina and low heart rate is well known, the researchers wanted to eliminate all the disturbing factors in order to find out exactly why this is so. Previously conducted studies were based on physical activity and its objectively measured form. This is what caused a more thorough study of the issue.

Having studied all the data obtained, all doubts have ceased to exist, that an increased heart rate at rest is not just a marker of poor general resistance of the organism. This indicator should rather be seen as an independent risk factor for overall mortality.

Differences between the female and the male heart

Male and female body differs not only externally, but also a complex internal structure. In addition to the pronounced differentiation of the hormonal background, there are still distinct differences between the functioning of certain organs and systems. In particular, the heart and blood vessels in men and women in general function in the same way, but there is less pronounced difference, which in some cases influences the course of this or that process.

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The heart of women, as scientifically proven, is more delicate and fragile. It is smaller in size compared to the male. It is also less resistant to cardiac attacks, because heart diseases, which rank first in the world among the causes of death and are often called "men's diseases," cause death in half of women over 40. Professor Ahmet Karabulut says that there are many differences between the heart of a woman and the heart of a man, and they force that with the hearts of women be treated with greater caution.

12 differences between the heart in men and women

  1. The difference in weight. The heart of a woman weighs less than the heart of a man. While the average weight of the female heart is 118 grams, the male heart weighs 60 grams more.
  2. Thin veins. In women, the veins are somewhat thinner. Compared to men, the difference is on average 1 mm, so it's hard for women to work physically.
  3. Women have a weaker structure of valves . Disorder of the valve apparatus often leads to rapid heartbeat.
  4. More sensitive veins . The veins in women's hearts are more sensitive and more prone to spasms. The temporary contraction that occurs in the thin veins can cause pain in the chest, in the region of the heart, which is not easy to diagnose.
  5. Symptoms of disease are not so easy to manifest . Professor Ahmet Karabulut notes that heart disease in women does not show easily expressed symptoms and explains this by the fact that "ECG and stress tests often give normal results.Clinical and risk factors need to be considered, and further research should be undertaken."
  6. Less persistence after a heart attack . Women's hearts are less strong against damage after a heart attack. Compared to men, women have a higher risk of death after myocardial infarction.
  7. Often there are atypical complaints . Heart disease in a sick woman is often manifested by atypical symptoms. While chest pain is more pronounced in men, women often complain of shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue and bloating.This can lead to problems in diagnosis.
  8. Women's hearts beat faster than men's. For example, the average daily heart rate for men is 70-72 beats / min, while in women this figure is 78-82 beats / min. This leads to the fact that complaints about palpitation and dyspnea are more frequent in women.
  9. Greater sensitivity to side effects . Women's hearts more often react negatively to the use of cardiac drugs than men.Therefore, in women, the tendency to develop rhythm disturbances is higher compared to men.
  10. Increased tendency to thrombosis . Women have more blood clots in their hearts than men. Such risks increase dramatically in women who smoke and use hormonal contraceptives.
  11. The veins are more elastic . Female heart is resistant to heart disease, because veins are elastic. In comparison with men, there is a 10-year difference in the development of cardiovascular diseases. However, this difference disappears after menopause.
  12. It is difficult to determine by tests . The disease that develops in the cardiovascular system of a woman often has a greater impact on her condition. In this case, there may be a difficulty in determining it by tests.

Finally, Professor Karabulut noted that many women do not show the necessary care and sensitivity to their heart health and added: "Maintaining an ideal weight, not neglecting treatment for existing conditions such as hypertension or diabetes, avoiding smoking, practicing a healthy Mediterranean diet and avoiding stress help keep the healthy heart of a sensitive woman. "

Factors affecting the normal pulse

There are many different factors that can contribute to an increase or decrease in the heart rate, including:

  • activity level;
  • level of cardiorespiratory fitness;
  • air temperature;
  • body position;
  • emotions and stress;
  • body parameters;
  • taking medicines;
  • food and beverages;
  • accompanying illnesses.

Depending on the number and severity of these factors, there may be a higher or lower heart rate. To obtain the most accurate measurement of the pulse, it is necessary to measure in a state of complete rest. Determining the heart rate during activity will lead to an increase in heart rate, and then you might think that the heart is on the verge of risk.

How to measure the heart rate?

To determine the pulse at rest, you need to make sure that you can relax and settle comfortably. It is useful before the measurement to be 5-10 minutes in a quiet sitting position to completely relax. After that, you should find your pulse, for which you need to press the index and middle fingers on the inside of the wrist, in the area of the radial artery.

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With the help of a clock, the number of perceptible hits is calculated for 10 seconds. The presented test should be performed two or three times to find its average number and multiply this number by six. For example, if you succeeded in counting 12 beats during a ten second measurement period, then the pulse during rest is 72 beats per minute (12 × 6 = 72).

Tips for improving heart rate

There are many natural ways to normalize the pulse. The simplest recommendations:

  • Do regular exercise
  • Reduce stress levels
  • Quit smoking, and if necessary, give up smoking
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Reduce caffeine consumption
  • It's enough to sleep

Maintaining the heart rate and heart rate in a healthy range, you can reduce the risk of heart complications and improve your heart function.

Video: Pulse is an indicator of your health

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