Systematic push-up reduces the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases

According to a study published in the JAMA Network Open, people with higher rates of push-ups had a lower risk of developing heart and vascular disease.

“Our results suggest that the potential for push-ups can be a simple and free method for assessing the risk of HFR under almost any conditions,” says Justin Young, MD, employee of the Department of Occupational Health at Harvard. “Surprisingly, the ability to push-ups was more strongly associated with the risk of cardiovascular diseases than the results of submaximal tests on a treadmill.”

The researchers analyzed data on 1562 men with an average age of 40 years and an average BMI of 28.7 kg / m2. They were active professional firefighters and had no restrictions on work. Between 2000 and 2010, men underwent periodic medical observation. Evaluations were also conducted from February 2000 to November 2007, including tests for maximum or submaximal exercise tolerance and push-up tests.

Other data that were evaluated included anthropometric measurements, general physiological examinations, laboratory results, clinical and professional examinations. Questionnaires were also completed to collect information on alcohol consumption, smoking habits, family history, marital status and educational background.

The main interesting results were related to cardiovascular diseases, such as IHD, sudden cardiac death, or heart failure. Patients were observed from the time of enrollment to the onset of HZS disease, or until December 31, 2010, depending on what occurred earlier. As a result, over 10 years of observations, 37 outcomes related to ESV were recorded.

Patients with higher rates of push-ups had significantly lower incidence rates of HVA compared with those who had low ability to push ups. For example, those who were able to be wrung out 40 times and higher had 96% fewer cases of development of ESD compared with those who did not more than 10 push-ups.

“The results of this study suggest that it is reasonable for clinicians to evaluate functional status during clinical examinations using basic activity issues,” Yang and his colleagues wrote.

Further studies will be conducted to determine the relationship between the ability to push-ups and the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

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