Author Ольга Кияница
Intercostal tachycardia refers to those pathologies that are otherwise defined as symptomatic. They do not represent a separate disease and develop on the background of other pathological conditions, being, in fact, their complication.
The onset of intercostal tachycardia is directly related to intercostal neuralgia, a disease from the field of neurology, which develops as a result of squeezing one or more nerve fibers that pass through the bottom of the ribs.
In intercostal neuralgia pain is very pronounced, therefore, not all patients are able to feel a sharp heartbeat on her background. In some cases, the pain is localized in the cardiac region, and then it is necessary to carry out diagnostics in order to understand whether this condition is dangerous, intercostal tachycardia, or not to worry about the health of the patient.
Video What is heart tachycardia and how to treat it?
Description of intercostal tachycardia
The normal rhythm of the heart, which in an adult person ranges from 60 to 90 beats per minute, may be disturbed for various reasons. One of them is intercostal neuralgia, which leads to tachycardia. The mechanism of its formation in this case is rather simple. Under the influence of external factors (often a drain or muscle spasm), nerve fibers that pass through the lower edge of the edge arc are infringed. Pain pulse in such cases often passes through sympathetic nerves to adjacent organs.
If the damage to the nerves does not occur on the left side where the heart is located, then the probability of intercostal tachycardia is significantly increased.
Severe pain attacks, characteristic of intercostal neuralgia, can help accelerate heart rhythm. This is due to the activation of the sympathetic nervous system involved in the process of inflammation of the nerve fibers. If the patient in addition has previously seen emotional lability, the risk of tachycardia in intercostal neuralgia increases even more.
Symptoms of intercostal tachycardia
The patient has a feeling of heartbeat, "jump from heart to heart", a feeling of "leaping heart". Additionally, symptoms of a vegetative disorder may appear - anxiety, anxiety, irritability, skin palsy, cold limbs.
At the intercostal tachycardia, signs of the main disease - intercostal neuralgia:
- Pain of various intensity and color: permanent, swollen, strong, transient, painful or permeating.
- Painful sensations intensify when the body is tilted, coughing or pushing.
Not all patients can immediately understand that the heart is not really in pain, but the intercostal nerve, therefore, the main thing is not only to think about how dangerous intercostal tachycardia is, but also how to get to the doctor faster on reception.
Causes of intercostal tachycardia
In the development of a pathological condition, the main cause is intercostal neuralgia. It is precisely this disease that provokes a rapid reduction of the heart, resulting in a general condition of the patient may slightly deteriorate.
Occurrence of intercostal neuralgia is often associated with the following pathologies:
• herpetic infection;
• injuries of the thoracic spine;
• disturbed metabolism;
• aneurysm of the aorta;
• acute muscle spasm.
If such reasons are eliminated by proper treatment, then you can pretty quickly correct the condition of the patient and get rid of tachycardia.
Diagnosis of intercostal tachycardia
When using standard electrocardiography, the form of arrhythmia, namely tachycardia, is established. If the patient does not have an organic pathology of the heart, then symptoms of sinus tachycardia are determined on the ECG: the correct rhythm, with the normal arrangement of all the teeth and increased heart rate is greater than the upper threshold of the age norm.
Treatment and prevention of intercostal tachycardia
First of all, the pain associated with inflammation of the nerve fibers should be stopped. For this purpose, analgesics and sedatives are used. With slight pain, it may be enough to receive vegetable infusions. In cases with intercostal neuralgia laser therapy, acupuncture, physiotherapy procedures are shown. Attacks of tachycardia often occur after the removal of acute pain associated with intercostal neuralgia.
Primary prevention of intercostal tachycardia does not exist. It is best to avoid overexpression during pain attacks and this will not provoke the development of rhythm disturbance.