Treatment of idiopathic tachycardia

Author Ольга Кияница


Among all the tachyarrhythmias the most unusual one, perhaps, is an idiopathic tachycardia. This diagnosis of an exception is made when all the causes of the illness are considered, but none is applicable to a particular patient. In the treatment, the presented violation of the rhythm is equally unusual and rather complicated.

Idiopathic tachycardia is rarely seen in clinical practice.About such a violation of the rhythm begin to speak in the case when the patient does not have a structural pathology of the heart, but also bother tachycardia attacks.

The formation of idiopathic tachycardia is associated with arrhythmogenic foci, most often localized in the ventricles, which generate extraordinary impulses and thus cause the heart to contract more often.

It is difficult to tolerate the disease, but with this prognostic value, when it occurs, is favorable. With idiopathic tachycardia, quality of life may deteriorate, whereas life-threatening conditions usually do not develop.

An Israeli doctor told how to get rid of heart arrhythmia forever

General recommendations

Patients with idiopathic tachycardia should follow the same guidelines as other cardiologic patients. First of all, you should pay attention to the diet, adjust it in favor of foods that are useful to the heart. It is also important to give up bad habits, especially smoking and drinking, so they contribute to the development of both inorganic and organic cardiac pathologies.

The provocative factors that should be controlled during the treatment of idiopathic tachycardia:

  • The state of the thyroid gland.
  • The level of glucose and cholesterol in the blood.
  • Condition of the nervous system, for which stresses should be excluded.

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It is necessary to begin treatment from the visit to the doctor, since only after a complete examination and exclusion of many diagnoses can one conclude such as idiopathic tachycardia.

Medicinal treatment of idiopathic tachycardia

It is carried out in extreme cases, since much depends on the localization of the ectopic focus. If idiopathic sinus tachycardia is determined, then drugs that reduce the rhythm may be prescribed, but with minimal side effects.

Idiopathic ventricular paroxysmal tachycardia may endanger the development of ventricular fibrillation, so radical intervention is often required. At first, it can be used to rescue an attack using beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, amiodarone, but with time, as a rule, the question arises about the operation.

Treatment of idiopathic tachycardia by surgical methods

Today, radiofrequency catheter ablation is most often used. This method has practically no contraindications and with ventricular idiopathic tachycardia, when there are no structural changes, is performed with an efficiency of 90%.

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Timely treatment of idiopathic tachycardia helps to avoid disability, early mortality. Despite the relatively favorable flow of patients with this form of tachycardia, it is difficult to tolerate attacks, quality of life may be impaired. Therefore timely therapy allows faster recovery and return to the usual way of life.

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